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Supply Chain Management and Aggregate Fluctuations

发布日期:2021-06-01设置

【主题】Supply Chain Management and Aggregate Fluctuations

【报告人】徐玏(上海交通大学安泰经管学院助理教授)

【时间】62日(星期10:00-11:30 a.m.

【地点】澳门十大电子正规游戏网站高等研究院楼232

【语言】英文

【摘要】Over the business cycle, firms adjust not only their input expenditures but also the number of suppliers from which they source. I incorporate this extensive margin into a real business cycle model. Using a dataset of supply chain relationships among US firms, I first document that increases in the number of suppliers are correlated with increases in intermediate input expenditures, total factor productivities, and costs of managing suppliers. Based on these facts, I develop a model in which firms trade off the productivity benefit (return to variety) of accessing more varieties with the (fixed) cost of managing these varieties. The extensive margin adjustment introduces a return to scale into production and amplifies productivity shocks: In my estimated model with multiple industries and a production network, the effect of industry productivity shocks on GDP fluctuations is one-fourth larger than in a (conventional) model where the extensive margin is absent.